The Centre for Research on Discretion and Paternalism is an international research centre at the University of Bergen, Norway.
The Centre addresses core themes in the social sciences by examining the government’s use of power towards its citizens, and the justifications of state interventions into people’s lives. Important areas of empirical focus are child welfare and child rights.
Research at the Centre is comparative – between nations, systems and individuals – and includes researchers across the world. The Centre is interdisciplinary, and has researchers from many different disciplines – including political science, sociology, law, philosophy, psychology and social work.
We use multilevel data sources in our research, including decision-makers, laws and regulations, court judgement and citizens. We apply multiple research methods, including interviews, observation, text analysis, survey vignettes and survey experiments.
The Centre is located at the Department for Administration and Organization Theory, University of Bergen. The University of Bergen is an internationally oriented research university, and ranked as one of the best universities in the Nordic countries.
There are currently 9 full time employees at the Centre. In addition, there are several researchers in part-time positions, as well as researchers associated with the Centre through different collaborations both in Norway and internationally.
We are connected to the Centre on Law and Social Transformation (UiB/CMI), and are involved in research collaboration at FAIR – Center for excellence (Norwegian Business School), as well as with the research group Law, Democracy and Welfare (Western Norway University of Applied Science).
The Center is leading two major international research projects: “Discretion and the Child’s Best Interest in Child Protection” and “The Acceptability of Child Protection Interventions”. In addition, our researchers are engaged in several other larger and smaller projects.
Communicating research-based knowledge about child welfare, children’s rights, welfare state, discretion and state power is also an important part of the Centre’s activity. Our researchers regularly participate as lecturers and interviewees in the media. In addition, news and research results are published on our websites and Twitter, and in our monthly newsletter. We also host or co-organize guest lectures, seminars and conferences.
A number of PhD students are affiliated with the Center, and we are also involved in the education of Master’s students at the Department of Administration and Organizational Theory at UiB. From Spring 2019 we will annually offer the course “Discretion and Paternalism” to students at the master’s level from different disciplines at UiB.
Our fields of study
To better understand the relationship between the public and the state, we need more knowledge about how governmental use of power is justified and how discretionary decisions are made.
State interventions are often justified with references to the common good, or that certain services or limitations on personal freedom are in the best interests of individuals in a society.
The appropriate role of such paternalistic behavior is central in the political debate about the relationship between the state and its citizens, as well as in many interpersonal relationships, in particularly the relationship between parents and their children.
The government’s delegation of authority to public officials to exercise discretion is critical, as discretionary decision-making may be arbitrary and thus challenge the rule of law and the legitimate use of power.
As of today we have little knowledge about these important issues. However, the Centre for Research on Discretion and Paternalism aims to unlock the black hole of discretion in the welfare state.
As the empirical angle of approach to these questions, we are especially looking at children’s rights and child protection systems. Understanding how professionals in different states decide the best interest of a child is essential for understanding the mechanisms of discretion and paternalism.
In the area of child protection, the government has the power to intervene with force in a citizen’s private life and decide what is in their best interest. These cases are all different, making discretionary reasoning necessary.
The work at the Centre is guided by the following core values:
- Service minded
Provide new insights on the dynamics of government power structures and justification of interventions
Improve our understanding of how the line is drawn between private and public responsibility for children
Develop the theory of discretion by moving beyond the conceptual dichotomy of strong—weak discretion
Find solutions to the discretion dilemma by identifying a resolution model that facilitates good judgments
- Child welfare systems
- The welfare state
- Social policy
- Children’s rights
- Public services
- Court systems
- Public opinion and values
- Deliberative democracy