The ERC Discretion project and the NRC Acceptability project analyse the understanding and implementation of the rights of the child in eight countries – Austria, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Norway, England and Spain.
All of these countries are members of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the European Convention on Human Rights. Seven of the countries (excluding Norway) are also members of the European Union. Overviews of the legal systems of the seven EU countries are available at e-justice portal.
The following is a brief overview of the legal criteria for child protection removals for the eight beforementioned countries, with a specific focus on removals of newborns as well as of key steps in care order proceedings.
In Burns, Pösö and Skivenes 2017, a general overview of child protection removal proceedings for England, Finland, Germany, Ireland, and Norway can be found.